The origins of the present day urban centre of Roccamena can be traced to the middle of the 19th century and the orders of Giuseppe Beccadelli Bologna, Marquis of Sambuca and Prince of Camporeale, to whom the place name is also attributed. According to some sources, when the prince saw the beautiful scenery in which the urban centre is nestled he exclaimed “Che rocca amena” (What a pleasant spot!).
On the eastern summit of Mount Maranfusa you can admire the castle of Calatrasi, dating from the Arab-Norman period and built on a triangular plan. Going down into the valley you come to a picturesque medieval bridge built in the second half of the 12th century; it is one of the most important and best conserved examples of medieval architecture in the area. On Mount Maranfusa an area of indigenous dwellings has been found dating from the end of the 6th century. The finds are now kept in the Civic Museum of Roccamena.
At Roccamena vines, olive trees and cereals are the main crops. A local speciality is the yellow melon to which even a fair at the end of August with many cultural activities and entertainment has been dedicated.