The hilly area where Bolognetta stands is crossed by the Milicia River and is surrounded by olive trees, citrus trees and wheat. The earliest historical records referring to the area date from September 1600 when Vincenzo Bologna Beccadelli, the Marquis of Marineo, sold some districts to the rich Genoese merchant Marco Mancino. The contract set a condition that if a town should be founded then it would have to be called “Bolognetta”. This did not happen and the town took the name of Santa Maria dell’Ogliastro, on account of the image of the Madonna placed in front of a wild olive, and the name was kept until 1882. Only then was it changed to “Bolognetta”, even if the Sicilians still call it “Agghiastru” today.
Walking though Bolognetta you come to various places of interest, starting with the seventeenth century Church of the Madonna of Mount Carmel which contains a picture of Jesus with the cross attributed to Zoppo di Gangi. A few steps further on you come to the nineteenth century Monachelli Palace, the residence of the Monachelli family which is now home to an information and reception service for tourism and farm holidays.
The patron saint of the town, Saint Anthony of Padua is celebrated on 13 June with a procession through the streets of the centre. In August, two children are suspended from cables between two front balconies in Via Roma and sing the hymn to the saint in an event known as the Vulata di L’Ancili, (flight of the angels).