The itinerary winds through the paths of the splendid, though little-known, Nature Reserve of Monte Carcaci, now included in the Sicani Park. The mountainous complex, of which Mount Carcaci (1196 m.) is the
highest peak, is made up of limestone rocks formed from the Triassic to the Miocene periods; these are different types of limestones and marbles interspersed by clay soils deposited in the progression of the geological and climatic events of the Mediterranean. These geological conditions naturally influence and shape the vegetation, which is found in a number of significant environments: wetlands, woods and natural bushlands, meadows, shrubs and rocky environments.
The hiking trail begins at the scenic seasonal pond of the Marcato delle Lavanche, a few steps from Case Colobria forest shelter. A small trail, initially flat, then steeper, climbs to the northern side of the mountain, winding through
a beautiful mixed forest of oaks and maples, interspersed with pines emerging from a recent reforestation.
After a few kilometers, the trail reaches a clearing where a characteristic wood and straw hut has been reconstructed, in front of an old “marcato”, a stone paddock once used by shepherds to gather sheep. The path then proceeds to an oak grove until it opens onto a service road. This, with a left deviation, leads us to the top of the mountain where we enjoy the splendid 360° panorama over the entire Sicani territory. Then, heading right, the road goes straight on, then downhill, crossing a lush pine forest, reaches the Pagliaio Grande shelter and some restored charcoal kilns. Shortly afterward, the route turns west to enter a picturesque trail (referred to as the ” Ledera trail ” in the
directions of the Reserve) that enters into a lush oak grove until you arrive, after a few ups and downs, to a small forest shelter. Then continue downhill along the trail to intercept a forest road that, after a few kilometers in a slight
uphill, takes us back to the starting point. This is a fairly simple loop itinerary; there may some difficulty in autumn / winter, especially after rains, in some stretches of the initial climb and in the “Ledera” trail because it is both steep and potentially slippery.